Crude Oil Refinery and Working Principle
Distillation Process is two type
1. Batch Distillation
2. Continuous Distillation
With the increasing need to petroleum products, economic and modern continuous distillations take the place of batch distillation.
Distillation Crude oil is heated and put into a still—a distillation column—and different products boil off and can be recovered at different temperatures. In the process of fractional distillation, a mixture of different liquids is evaporated followed by condensation. Different liquids are evaporated according to their boiling point and they are collected in different chambers of distillation tower.
Fraction The process of separating a mixture into a series of fractions of different volatilities by means of distillation is known as fractional distillation. Crude oil heated in a fuel-fired furnace to a temperature of about 398 °C and routed into the bottom of the distillation unit. For desired products stowing and trays are added to system. The cooling and condensing of the distillation tower overhead is provided partially by exchanging heat with the incoming crude oil and partially by either an air-cooled or water-cooled condenser.
Turn-key Crude Oil Refinery Plant projects with manufacturing, montage and start up options are carrying out by ÜNKA’s quality personnel and consultants.
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